Brian Jenkins, one of the greatest modern political experts of terrorism believes that international terrorism is a new type of conflict. International terrorism is especially dangerous due to the fact that it endangers the international legality and interstate relations. Any action of international terrorism affects the interests of several (at least two) states and to suppress or prevent such actions, extensive interstate cooperation is required.
Resolution 1373 of the UN Security Council of 28 September 2001 notes about “the close connection between international terrorism and transnational organized crime, illicit drugs, money laundering and illegal movement of nuclear, chemical, biological and other deadly materials”. According to expert estimates, about 12,000 terroristic attacks took place worldwide in 2008, which affected 56,000 people, including 15,000 deaths, with the majority of victims being civilians, including women and children. After the September 11 events of 2001, the UN Security Council established the Counter Terrorism Committee. The Committee carries out interstate coordination and technical assistance to member states in creating the most effective systems for fighting against terrorism. In addition to the “Counter Terrorism Committee”, the Security Council also established the “Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee”, “Taliban Sanctions Committee” and the “1540 Committee”.
The latter deals with the problems of proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons etc.